This writing on VKool site will help you get clear about detailed information on the 4 most common skin disorders in toddlers and adults, including skin cancer, lupus, rubeola and acne. Let’s check out all of them below!
Top Common Skin Disorders In Toddlers & Adults
I. Skin Cancer
1. What Is Skin Cancer?
Skin cancer is the uncontrolled development of cancer cells on skin. If untreated, these damaged cells may spread to other tissues and organs like bone and lymph nodes. Skin cancer is common in many countries in the world. The United States is the top of deadly skin cancer cases, according to the US Skin Cancer Foundation.
The skin works like a barrier that protects the body against harmful things such as bacteria, water loss, and other toxic contaminants. The outermost the epidermis is a layer that contacts with environment while it can regularly shed skin cells and sustain the damage from infections, the sun, cuts or scrapes. This epidermis is made of different cell types.
There are different types of skin disorders causing skin cancer. Here are the most common skin disorders you should know to care for your skin can heal them soon.
2. Actinic Keratosis
This is a type of pink or red or rough patch on skin caused by harsh sun-exposure. This is a common form of pre-cancer and it can develop in the basal cell carcinoma in those who have history of skin cancer, according to the report of the Skin Cancer Foundation in 2012. These lesions are rare but they can be sign of the squamous cell carcinoma.
3. Basal Cell Carcinoma
Next to common skin disorders causing skin cancer, take a closer look at basal cell carcinoma. In general, basal cells have the lowest layer of epidermis basal layer. Skin cancer inside this skin area is called basal cell carcinoma. It can comprise 80% of all skin cancer cases, according to a research from the Columbia University in 2009. Basal cell carcinoma commonly occurs on neck and head. This pre-cancer condition is also called a slow-growing cancer, which hardly spreads to other body parts. It often shows as waxy pink bumps on skin. Plus, it may occur translucent with the blod vessels near skin surface.
4. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
When it comes to skin cancer symptoms, pay attention to squamous cell carcinoma. This is one of common skin disorders affecting cells in middle layer of epidermis. Typically, It is more aggressive than the basal cell carcinoma. It occurs as scaly, red, rough lesions on sun-exposed skin areas like ears, lips, neck, head and hands.
Besides, you should consider some red patches as they may be a symptom of Bowen’s disease, an early form of the squamous cell cancer.
Melanona is less popular than other common skin disorders but it is dangerous and cause about 75% of skin cancer-related deaths, according to the American Melanoma Foundation in 2009. It appears in skin cells with pigment. It also creates skin lesions and moles that follow a certain pattern in irregularities: asymmetrical shape – border irregularities – color – diameter – evolution of the lesion.
In general, there are 4 types of melanoma:
- Lentigo maligna melanoma: This comes with flat, large and brownish skin lesions. It often affects the elderly.
- Superficial spreading melanoma: This is the most common melanoma type. Its lesions are flat, not regular in shape, contain varying shades such as brown and black. It can appear at any age.
- Acral lentiginous melanoma: This melanoma type is not as common as other types. It typically occurs on the palms, under toenails, finger and soles of feet.
- Nodular melanoma:This type of melanoma looks dark blue, orreddish-blue or black, and even it has no color. Nodular melanoma often starts like a raised patch.
6. Kaposi’s Sarcoma
Next to common skin disorders causing skin cancer, kaposi’s sarcoma is dangerous, too. This appears with skin lesions, which look brownish-red, blue and often found on feet and legs. Kaposi’s sarcoma affects skin cells, which line the blood vessels close to skin. It is caused by herpes viruses and typically related to AIDS patients.
Kaposi’s sarcoma has some risk factors, including:
- Being over 40
- Prolonged exposure to harmful UV rays in sunlight
- Having the history of a skin cancer
- Organ transplant
- Fair complexion
Nevertheless, young people and ones with dark complexion may still have this skin cancer.
Check your skin and notice unusually skin condition. If you see abnormalities, don’t hesitate to consult a dermatologist for a skin examination.
1. What Is Lupus?
According to the US Lupus Foundation, lupus is a type of autoimmune disorder that affects over 1.5 million American people. Normally, immunity protects the body from invaders like bacteria and viruses. In lupus, the immunity attacks the body mistakenly and damages the body’s healthy organs and tissues. Lupus may cause some problems related to kidneys, blood vessels, skin and nervous system.
2. Types Of Lupus
When it comes to common skin disorders, lupus is really common in various types. Each of them can cause different symptoms. For instance, Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common and it can affect different organs in the body such as brain, arteries, kidneys and lungs. Besides, cutaneous lupus erythematosus usually affects skin. Next, neonatal lupus is also a type of dangerous lupus but it is a rare condition. This condition is dangerous because it can affect pregnant women and causes problems for baby such as rash, a heart defect and liver problems.
3. General Symptoms Of Lupus
People suffering from lupus develop symptoms that are similar to that of flu such as tiredness, headache, fever, painful and swollen joints. Also, because of these similar symptoms, lupus is linked to other diseases like thyroid problems, fibromyalgia and arthritis.
a. Joint Pain & Weakness
Over 90% patients of lupus experience weakness and joint pain, according to the US Lupus Foundation. The discomfort may be caused by inflammation that the lupus symptoms trigger. Normally, people feel stiffness and pain in the joints, called lupus arthritis. Also, Lupus may weaken muscles, particularly in upper arms, shoulders, pelvis and thighs. Moreover, the lupus may trigger the carpal tunnel syndrome and lead to numbness and pain in fingers and hands.
Related article: Muscle weakness diseases, disorders and treatment
b. Disc-Shaped Rash
Next to common skin disorders, this is Cutaneous lupus. It affects skin cam come in many different forms and cause different rashes. For instance, discoid lupus appears in patients with the chronic cutaneous lupus. It causes coin-shaped red and scaly rashes on ears, nose and cheeks. These rashes do not hurt or itch, but when it fades, it can leave your discolored skin. If a rash is on scalp, it’s easy to cause hair. Sometimes the hair loss is permanent.
c. Ring-Shaped Rash
In individuals with the subacute cutaneous lupus, rashes look like red patches and ring shapes. They can appear on different body parts caused by overexposing to the sun such as trunk, chest, neck, arms and shoulders. Having the subacute cutaneous lupus may make patients more sensitive to the heat and sun. So, to get rid of the risk of this lupus, be careful when sitting under the fluorescent lights or going outside.
d. Butterfly Rash
When it comes to common skin disorders in toddlers and adults, consider the systemic lupus. Once the systemic lupus starts flaring up, patients will notice sunburn-like rashes on face. This is called “butterfly rash” and it is a sign of the acute cutaneous lupus. The butterfly rash can be distinctive for the butterfly-like appearance and it can spread across the patient’s nose and fan out on the cheeks. This butterfly rash may also emerge through the body parts especially in people overexposed to the sunlight. In short, the acute cutaneous lupus rash is sensitive to light.
As you know, red blood cells work to transport the oxygen-rich blood from lungs and heart to the entire body. In most lupus, the immunity may damage the red blood cells and cause a problem called hemolytic anemia. In fact, having not enough red blood cells may lead to some conditions such as fatigue, dizziness, a yellowish skin color, yellowish eyes and shortness of breath.
f. Blood Clots
Many patients with lupus have problems with their blood. Blood clots can form after an injury that is to prevent their bodies from bleeding. In lupus condition, thrombosis may appear, causing blood clots to form where they are not needed. In fact, this condition is very dangerous, particularly if a blood clot breaks off or gets lodged in the blood vessel of brain, lungs or other body parts.
g. The Nerves
Some skin disorders affect your nerves. Lupus can attack nerves that carry messages from brain to the entire body. This damage may lead to different symptoms such as confusion, headaches, vision problems, dizziness, numbness and mood swings. When your lupus attacks the nerves, feet and hands, it may cause the Raynaud’s phenomenon, the tips of fingers (or toes) to turn blue, white or red. Toes and fingers may also feel painful or numb, in response to coldness.
h. Lupus & The Lungs
Lupus can attacks lungs and cause some troubles of breathing. When the membrane in the lungs are inflamed (or pleurisy), this may put some pressure on lungs and make you hard to breath. Lupus also leads to the pulmonary hypertension. This is a form of the high blood pressure where the blood vessel connecting heart to lungs thickens. As less blood travel from heart to lungs for picking up oxygen, so the heart works hard to keep up.
i. Fluid Buildup
Many common skin disorders are associated with kidneys. Among many body organs that lupus can attacks, kidneys can be affected, too. Kidneys work to filter blood as well as remove toxins from the body. According to the US Lupus Foundation, 1/3 of patients with lupus develop their kidney disease, which is called lupus nephritis. As their kidneys are damaged, so fluid starts building up in their body. The first symptom of this type of is edema, then this is swelling because of the fluid buildup in their feet, ankles and legs.
2. Treatment For Lupus
Lupus can be treated among common skin disorders. There are different medications applied to treat lupus. For instance, aspirin is used to reduce lupus pain and ease inflammation caused by lupus. However, high and long-day doses of aspirin may cause stomach irritation. Besides, acetaminophen is also used to treat lupus pain. In comparison with aspirin, acetaminophen gives less stomach irritation but it doesn’t help with inflammation. Besides, you can use other drugs to treat lupus that contain naproxen, ibuprogen, indomethacin, celecoxib and nabunetone.
Recommended reading: Dark pigmentation disorders on face, neck & arms: how to remove?
1. What Is Rubeola?
Next to common skin disorders, rubeola or measles, is an infection that is caused by a type virus that grows in cells lining lungs and throat. This is a contagious disease spreading through the air whenever one is infected sneezes and coughs. Those who catch measles may develop some typical symptoms such as fever, runny nose, cough and telltale rash. If untreated, measles can lead to some complications such as pneumonia, encephalitis and ear infection.
2. Rubeola Infections
Rubeola is usually confused with rubella and roseola. But, in fact, these 3 conditions are totally different. Rubeola produces splotchy red rashes spreading from the head to feet. Roseola is different that often affects infants and young toddlers. Roseola can cause rashes to form on the entire body and spread to upper arms, neck and then they fade within several days. Rubella on the other hand is a viral disease that is featured with some symptoms such as fever, rash that last for about 2 to 3 days.
It takes about 1 to 2 weeks after getting infected with Rubeola. The first symptoms appear, including flu, cold fever, runny nose, red eyes, sore throat and cough. 3 to 5 days later, red and reddish-brown rashes form and spread from the head to feet.
4. Treatment For Rubeola
Rubeola can be healed among common skin disorders. In fact, there is not any real effective treatment for rubeola or measles. Getting rubeola, rubella (MMR) or mumps vaccine within the first 3 days after being infected with the virus may prevent this disease. To recover from it, the best advice for you is to have some rest and give your body time of recovery. Drink plenty of water, stay comfortable and taking Tylenol for fever. Don’t take aspirin to young children, due to the risk of serious condition such as Reye’s syndrome.
1. What Is Acne?
Next to common skin disorders, acne is very common among young people. Our skin appears tiny holes that are called pores. In fact, our pores can be blocked by dirt, bacteria and excess oil. When this condition occurs, we develop pimples. If the skin is affected repeatedly by this condition, you will have acne. Acne is one of common skin disorders in the US, according to the Academy of Dermatology. It is said that there are about 40 and 50 million people suffer from this condition. Though acne isn’t a life threatening disease or condition, it is painful, especially when severe. It also causes your emotional distress especially when it occurs on your face. This makes you feel unconfident. Related to your health, acne may cause your permanent scarring.
2. What Causes Acne?
Acne appears when skin pores get blocked with bacteria, dead skin and excess oil. Normally, pore on skin is opening to follicle. Your follicle is made of a sebaceous gland and hair. Your oil gland releases oil that travels up your hair onto the skin and out of your skin pore. The oil keeps the skin soft and lubricated. If you have acne, this condition may be due to more disorders in the lubrication process. The potential causes include:
- Dirt and dead skin cells accumulated in your skin pore
- Too much sebum or oil that are produced by follicle
- Dead skin cell and bacteria built up in your skin pore
3. Risk Factors
Many people think that some foods like French fries such as chocolate or can contribute to their acne. While no scientific evidence for this claim, some certain risk factors may put them at the high risk of acne, including:
- Some medications like corticosteroids or birth control pills
- Hormonal changes that are caused by pregnancy or puberty
- A diet that are rich in carbohydrates and refined sugars such as chips and bread
4. Symptoms Of Acne?
Acne may be formed anywhere on the body, especially the upper body such as face, neck, shoulder and chest. If you notice pimples in different colors such as black or white, these both are signs of acne. Blackheads often open at skin surface while whiteheads are closed under skin surface. Both blackheads and whiteheads are common acne. Besides, this is inflammatory lesions that cause scarring.
If you see these symptoms and sign of acne, visit your doctor to examine your skin.
5. At-Home Care For Acne
Acne can be cured among common skin disorders. There are various self-care activities for you to prevent acne and pimples. Simply, you firstly need to follow your skin hygiene daily by clearing up your face at least twice a day. Besides, to focus on treating acne and pimples, you can apply some homemade remedies for your acne, including:
- Clean your skin daily to remove dirt, excess oil and dead skin cells (You should use mild facial wash.)
- Regularly shampoo your hair as well as keep it out of the face
- Do not squeeze and pick pimples because this may spread the bacteria, excess oil and dirt
- Avoid hats and tight headbands
- Avoid touching the face
- Use makeup that is labeled as non-comedogenic (or not pore-clogging)
Beside self-care activities to get rid of acne and pimples, you should consider using some medications for acne, including:
- Benzoyl peroxide that is present in different acne gels and creams, used for preventing new acne and drying out pimples.
- Sulfur is a natural agent that is often found in cleansers, masks and lotions.
- Resorcinol is a less common chemical that is often used to eliminate dead skin cells.
- Salicylic acid is included in acne washes and soaps.
If some self-care and medications can’t help you to remove acne, you should seek medical advice. Meet a doctor who will prescribe medications for reducing your symptoms and improve your scarring. Some doctors give you topical or oral antibiotics. They work to kill bacteria causing acne and pimples. Typically, most antibiotics should be used for a short period of time so that the body does not build up the resistance. Moreover, antibiotic resistance may make you prone to some infections. Some topical creams such as benzoyl peroxide or retinoic acid are stronger formulas of over-the-counter cure. They can work to dry out your skin and limit the oil production. Women who have hormonal acne can be cured with most birth control pills and spironolactone. These drugs find their ways to regulate hormone-causing acne. In addition, Isotretinoin is a vitamin A-based drug, which can be used to heal severe nodular acne.
I’ve shown you detailed information about the 4 most common skin disorders in toddlers and adults, including skin cancer, lupus, rubeola and acne. Hope that you find useful information to study on this field or to treat your skin disorders. For any comment about the writing, drop it at the bottom of the page.