I. 6 Essential Tips To Better Digital Photography
Whether you are a beginner or more experienced in photography, there are several tips that can benefit you and give you better results. There are many websites springing up giving digital photography tips and tricks, but some have not a single photograph on them. With photography, it takes much time, dedication, and determination from learners to become pros. To help you shorten the way to achieve your success, I am glad to introduce some digital photography tips and tricks that can help you boost your photography skills to the higher level.
The digital photography basics in this photography guide will help you take more compelling photographs, lending them a natural balance, drawing attention to the important parts of the scene, or leading the viewer's eye through the image. Here are some simple yet effective digital photography tips and tricks that photographers should know:
1. Holding A Single-Lens Reflex (SLR)
There is definitely no reason why people cannot make a good living at photography. As a well known photographer who once said…”start at the very beginning!” the starting point of our article today is simply how to hold the camera.
- You should hold your camera by both two hands as stated
- Then, lean against something fixed, a wall or fence, for getting stability
- After that, you can pull two elbows into the side of your body, and your camera gently to your face
- “Squeeze” the shutter, not stab at it
2. Keep Both Of Your Eyes Open
This might sound strange because you are usually taught to gently close one eye while looking through the camera’s viewfinder. However, keeping both of your eyes open is considered as an experiment. So, why could it come in handy?
Looking via the viewfinder while keeping both of your eyes open, you can watch and see more actions. You also can see something that is out of the corner of your left / right eye which you normally have missed. This tip, in particularly, is helpful when you use telephoto lenses as your view is severely shortened that can make you miss the action.
3. Follow The Subject
Do not misunderstand my idea. Following the subject does not mean that you can stalk it. What I mean is, no matter what you are capturing, just follow it and stay with it. Even, if you are capturing an animal running or a bird flying or a person surfing, just “keep on it”.
In photography, it’s not just what you shoot that counts – the way that you shoot it is crucial, too. Poor photo composition may make a fantastic subject dull; however, a well-set scene also can create a wonderful shoot from the most ordinary of situations. It is recommended that you should not just look at the subject pinpointed. Rather than just shooting from eye level, consider photographing from high above, down at ground level, from the side, from the back, from a long way away, from very close up, and so on. When photographing people and animals, it is the best to have them looking into the frame. If there is an action in your picture, leave more space on the side of the frame where the action is headed. It looks more natural that way and lets the viewer have a feel for where the subject is going.
5. Changing The Lens
You had better test each lens which you buy methodically. Then, learn about its aperture settings, zoom focal lengths and limitations. Lenses almost always have their maximum aperture setting engraved or stamped on one end of the barrel. Then when you come across a situation that demands a certain lens, you will know what to do and which one to use.
6. Think About Lighting
Pay attention to how much light you have and where it's coming from when taking your photos. If you're shooting outdoors, be careful not to take photos of a person when the sun is at their back. If you're grabbing a photo in front of a monument or landmark and don't have the flexibility to adjust your position you can use the camera's flash to fill in shadows. You may have to manually activate the flash, if not, the camera will be in default of flash condition.
II. Top 8 Digital Photography Mistakes
Apart from tips for taking pictures and digital photography tips and tricks above, there are different photography problems as well as mistakes that popularly happen to new photography enthusiasts and the more experienced. However, there is good news that many of those mistakes can be easily corrected just with some simple tips.
1. Blurry Photos
This is considered as the most common complaint from many amateur photographers. They usually reflect that their pictures seem to be blurry. The popular respond for this case is that it is due to lack of light reaching the sensor. There are many ways to resolve this problem that you can use a tripod or a monopod, choose a much higher ISO set for more quickly shutter speeds, or use flash to freeze any movement.
2. Too Much Contrast
A photograph of too much contrast has a big difference between darker (shadow) and light (highlight) areas of the image. This is very apparent in photographs which are taken on a sunny day. You had better use flash to fill in the dark shadowy areas of the image or try underexposing the image by one or two stops for seeing the difference it makes.
Although red-eye can easily be solved with a Photoshop program, it’s a good idea to get to know how to prevent it from occurring. The appearance of glowing red eyes can ruin a portrait of even the cutest child or pet. The red color comes from light reflecting off of the retinas in our eyes. The following quick tips can help get the red out. You can prevent red-eye by applying no flash condition. Another technique is to ask your subject to look toward the camera but not directly at the lens or to look into a bright light first. Or, you can take advantage of in-camera red-eye removal. Check your digital camera’s manual to see if it includes these features.
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Color casts (off-colors) can be considered as the most common problem in digital photography. But, you can use the function of white balance (WB) settings to resolve this problem. You can choose “auto” or the suitable WB settings for the scenario.
5. Less Is More
When composing and framing your photograph, you want to create something interesting for the eye and avoid excessive distractions. If you have a focal point in the background and a distraction (like rocks) in the foreground, crop the image by zooming in to avoid the distracting item. This effect also may be done later with your image editing software. The point is to have a photo where the eye is drawn to the main attraction.
6. Out Of Focus Or Subject Is Too Far
An out of focus photo looks blurry and has low contrast. Most digital cameras can automatically set the focus for users. However, there are still some scenes that are harder to focus on.
In every photograph you shoot, obviously, you want to take photo something engaging in the frame. But, if your subject is far away, it will not make much effect. You can deal with this problem by moving closer or using a good quality telephoto zoom lens. Even, we can crop the image later with a photo editing software.
7. Overexposed Images
A photograph is overexposed when it is too bright and lacking in detail, almost looking blown out. This occurs when there is too much light reaching the sensor. Be wary of this photography problem on bright, sunny days or with light colored subjects.
8. Underexposed Pictures
Photos that are underexposed look dark and lack details. The reason of underexposed photos is setting the exposure too low. Although the camera can measure ambient light, it could be confused by more complicated scenes. In such cases, you can manually correct the exposure, or you can try opening the aperture to allow more light in. If you encounter this problem while using your iPhone camera, you can usually fix it using an app such as Camera+ or Line Camera.
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