When a thyroid gland does not have the ability to produce a normal amount of the thyroxine called hormone, this disorder can lead to hypothyroidism which also known as low thyroid or underactive thyroid. The hormones play an important role in major functions of a body including how your body burns energy, digests food and regulates body temperature, to name a few. Hence, a lack of thyroid hormones can impede these and several other functions.The low thyroid hormones can be due to autoimmune diseases (atrophic thyroiditis and Hashimoto's thyroiditis), radiation treatment, surgical removal of the thyroid gland, inflammation of the thyroid gland, consumption of too much or too little iodine, congenital hypothyroidism, any type of harm to the pituitary gland as well as side effects of several medicines. There are many popular symptoms of hypothyroidism that you should know to protect yourself, especially postpartum females and women over age 50 because thyroid issues are quickly identified with a blood test and are able to be fixed with the proper medicines. Therefore, if you have many signs and symptoms of this issue, ask your doctor right away to get your thyroid hormone levels.Below is a list of top 10 common signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism in men and women that VKool page wants to show you today. This new writing will help you to clearly know about common signs and symptoms you may experience if you have hypothyroidism. Stay with us for our next post to discover them!
Top 10 Common Signs And Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism In Men And Women
1. Dry And Flaky Skin
The first of top 10 warning symptoms of hypothyroidism is dry and flaky skin.If you are following a usual beauty and skin care method and haven’t changed any products that you are using but your skin becomes itchy and dry, you could suffer from hypothyroidism. The cause of the change in your skin texture can be the reduction of blood circulation, which is one of the side effects due to low thyroid hormones. Moreover, the low thyroid hormone production can lead to a slowed metabolism triggering to reduce sweating. If sweating works improperly, your skin will become flaky and dry. Along with dry skin, hypothyroidism may cause many others problems such as facial puffiness, especially near your eyelids, and thickened skin on your lower legs with a yellowish or pale appearance.
According to a study published in 2012 highlighted that the most popular cutaneous feature in people with hypothyroidism is dry, coarse, and rough skin. Because these skin signs are usually nonspecific, people have a tendency to ignore them or even attribute them to other causes. Hence, if you are experiencing these skin changes, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible to find out exact causes for your problems.
2. Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism – Hair Loss
Hair loss is known as one of the typical symptoms of hypothyroidism.Functioning of the thyroid gland closely associates with the development and preservation of the hair follicles. Hence, an underactive thyroid can lead to great changes in the growth and texture of hair. It may also impact eyebrows as well as body hair. According to a study published in 2008 stated that thyroid hormones have direct effects to hair follicles. The triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroid hormones thyroxine (T4) adjust a few aspects of hair anatomy such as the hair’s pigmentation and the hair growth cycle.
Another study published in 2008 revealed that in the thyroid disorders, hypothyroidism is often linked with alopecia areata. The study also stressed that patients who were diagnosed with chronic thyroid abnormalities suffer from the recurrent and excessive alopecia areata.Therefore, if you feel anxious about hair fall and other issues related to hair, consult your doctor to check your thyroid.
3. Menstrual And Fertility Problems
Menstrual and fertility problems are another of top 10 warning symptoms of hypothyroidism in women. Thyroid hormones have a significant effect on a menstrual pattern, pregnancy, lactation as well as uterine involution after labor and delivery.
Low thyroid function is able to change the menstrual cycle length and blood flow in women. A study published in 2015 stated that thyroid dysfunction is a leading cause of menstrual abnormalities. The study stressed that assessing thyroid function in all individuals with menstrual disorders is to avoid unnecessary interventions such as curettage and hysterectomy. Undiagnosed thyroid conditions can also lead to infertility. According to another study published in 2012 reported that hypothyroidism can have an effect on fertility due to hyperprolactinemia, anovulatory cycles, sex hormone imbalance, and luteal phase defects.
If you have any change in menstrual pattern and problems regarding pregnant, you should see your doctor to check your thyroid. With a simple way, you can follow an oral hypothyroidism treatment. After 3 months to 1 year, symptoms of hypothyroidism may significantly decline and asymptomatic infertile women are able to have their chances to conceive.
4. Constipation And Indigestion
If you are experiencing irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), constipation, or indigestion, this can be one of the popular symptoms of hypothyroidism.When you have low thyroid function, your muscles which line the digestive tract containing the small and large intestines will become weak. This triggers the stool to move very slowly through your intestine, thus leading to constipation. A study published in 2009 highlighted that because hypothyroidism conspicuously reduces gastro-esophageal motility, the function of thyroid gland should be assessed in individuals who are facing dyspepsia (indigestion). Hence, if constipation becomes severe or occurs in a long time although you consume enough fiber intake, this condition often involves hypothyroidism. It is necessary that you should consult a reputable doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
5. Increased Sensitivity To Cold
Another of top 10 signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism is increased sensitivity to cold.The thyroid gland plays a role as an internal thermostat for the body because it has the ability to regulate body heat. If the production of thyroid hormones is too little, your body will burn less energy, thus leading to a decrease in body temperature and an increase in cold intolerance. This can make you feel cold even when you are in a warm environment. Actually, people with low thyroid have a higher chance of suffering from hypothermia which is a life-threatening condition when they expose to low temperatures.
On a warm and sunny day, if you feel cold, you should check your thyroid levels as you can be suffering from underactive thyroid. However, increased sensitivity to cold may also be due to other factors such as impaired circulation and anemia.
Learn more: Chicken Soup For Cold
6. Symptoms Of Hypothyroidism – Unexplained Weight Gain
If you are gaining weight when there are no any change in physical activity or diet, this may be one of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism. The hormones of thyroid aid in regulating basal metabolism as well as thermogenesis. Also, they help manage the metabolism of glucose and fats.
A low thyroid results in a lower metabolic rate that may lead to excessive weight gain. According to a study published in 2008 revealed that overweight people are at the higher risk of developing overall thyroid dysfunction with different levels of influence. Nevertheless, more extended studies are needed to discover the exact cause as well as the interactive relationship between hypothyroidism and obesity. Thus, if you have sudden weight gain, it is important to see your doctor to find out the exact cause.
7. Muscle Soreness And Pain
There are many common symptoms of hypothyroidism and joint pain is one of them. Low metabolism disrupts the way that your body burns energy. This can have an effect on how your muscles feel after doing regular exercises. Low thyroid often causes an increase of inflammation which may lead to your muscle and joint pain such as muscle weakness, stiffness, pain, and cramping. According to a 2000 study published in 2000 stated that neuromuscular signs and symptoms are present in almost of all people who have thyroid issues. In fact, approximately 40 percent of the hypothyroid patients had primarily sensory symptoms of a sensorimotor axonal neuropathy in the process of thyroid disease. Therefore, if you suffer from unexplained muscle pains and aches, you should consult your doctor to find out whether your condition is linked with an undiagnosed thyroid problem.
8. Tiredness And Constant Fatigue
Tiredness and constant fatigue are one of top 10 warning symptoms of hypothyroidism. In people having an underactive thyroid, when the flow of low thyroid hormones through the blood, cells will improperly operate, thus leading to less energy as well as constant tiredness. The signs appear even after you get proper rest and sleep. A study published in 2012 reported that autoimmune hypothyroidism patients had considerably higher rates of tiredness as compared with ones having differentiated thyroid carcinoma. In a study published in 2007, researchers stated that if people with hypothyroidism undergo 12 weeks of thyroxine cure, they will see a decrease in fatigue, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol as well as body weight.
Because fatigue, constant tiredness, sleepiness, and energy loss trigger many healthy problems, it is essential to see your doctor to get a proper diagnosis.
9. High Cholesterol Levels
High cholesterol levels are also known as one of the typical symptoms of hypothyroidism. In the body, a lack of thyroid hormones has negative effects on the body’s ability to reduce cholesterol level from the blood. Thus, it can increase your ‘bad’ cholesterol (LDL) level and decrease your good’ cholesterol (HDL) level. This can be a higher chance of developing heart disease.
According to a study published in 2011 highlighted that thyroid dysfunction can significantly affect lipid profile. The study puts emphasis upon biochemical screening for improper functioning of thyroid in all dyslipidemic patients and in all patients with sudden improvement of their lipid profile. However, if hypothyroidism is treated with drugs, cholesterol will come back to normal levels.
10. Poor Concentration And Memory
The last of top 10 warning symptoms of hypothyroidism is the poor memory and brain fog. Low thyroid function can result in many severe problems such as poor memory, forgetfulness, and lack of concentration because an insufficient amount of these hormones may result in misfiring in the neurotransmitters. Moreover, the underactive thyroid can even cause poor sleep and stress, thus leading to temporary brain fog. Fortunately, hypothyroidism does not trigger permanent cognitive dysfunction and these problems can be resolved with proper treatment.However, poor concentration and memory can also be initial signs of other mental health issues like depression. Therefore, you should consult your doctor as soon as possible to be treated.
Related article: How To Treat Hypothyroidism Naturally At Home
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