Top 18 common childhood diseases, conditions and disorders

Updates: 05/13/2014

If you are parents and you have kids, you should pay attention to common childhood diseases, conditions and disorders to help them avoid these diseases. This writing will provide an overview of these illnesses, including typical symptoms and some simple yet effective treatments.

18 Common Childhood Diseases, Conditions And Disorders That Parents Should Know

1. Chickenpox

Chickenpox is one of diseases giving immunity for the rest of our life, which is why just children get this type of disease. A child who gets chickenpox will have red spots, feel itchy and blisters are scattered through the face, arms and legs.

Scientifically, this illness was caused by a kind of virus named varicella zoster virus. It just occurs in children in the first 10 years of life. Parents can use symptomatic treatment to help their kids treat this chickenpox. By identifying symptoms such as itching, red spots, parents can use paracetamol, ibuprofen to reduce their kid’s fever.

When children get infected with the bacteria, parents should use antibiotics to stop worse chicken pox conditions. Besides, the children should be excluded from other people, especially pregnant women because this condition can cause infection from sneezing or coughing.  common childhood diseases in nigeria

2. Whooping Cough

This cough happens due to a bacterial infection, bacterium Bordetella pertussis which affects the child’s respiratory system.

Whooping cough is featured by nasal discharge fever, long coughing, wheezy breathing, even vomiting. Symptoms are commonly worse through the night. Parents can use antibiotic treatment to help their children recover this cough. Moreover, kids who suffer from whooping cough should stay in an excluded place with fresh air. Notice that kids should not use antibiotic drugs over 5 days.

3. Erythema Infectiosum (Fifth Disease)

common childhood diseases in south africa

Children get flu-like symptoms due to the infection of the Parvovirus B19. Like chickenpox, erythema infectiosum makes patients have red cheeks, then the red spots spread to different parts of the body such as buttocks, thighs and arms. This affection lasts around 14 days and it commonly happens in children of the ages of four to twelve. In fact, there is no cure for this illness, but it normally disappears after a half of the month. Parents should not get worried about this health problem much. It is just a mild illness. There are 2 periods of the erythema infectiosum. Firstly, the incubation period lasts in 1 week; the infectious period lasts in the last days of the second week.

It cannot be treated, but disappears by itself. It is usually quite a mild illness. Pregnant women should not contact with children who get this disease.

Want More Content Like This In Your Inbox?

Join The Discussion