A nosebleed that is also called as epistaxis is a common possible to occur spontaneously. Having a nosebleed may be embarrassing, scary, and a bit gross but in fact, it is a common body phenomenon during the winter time without any signs of something serious. Although almost of the nosebleeds can be simply stopped without any medical attentions, further treatments on how to stop a nosebleed are occasionally required.
The most common cause of a nosebleed is the dryness and hurt in the mucosa that is known as the inner lining of the nose. When the mucosa, particularly the septum, is the concentration of blood vessels and always needs liquid to keep it moist, the dryness causes damage to these blood vessels then bleeding. A nosebleed more frequently occurs in people with nasal allergies, hypertension, sinusitis, or bleeding disorders and the clear understood of the nosebleed will help you manage your problem better.
It is time now for VKool.com to show you 6 tips and ways of the first aid how to stop a nosebleed fast. All of the suggested methods are effective and suitable for any cases of nose bleedings. For those who suffer from a nosebleed sometimes or even regularly, spend a little time reading our article to know more useful ways to stop and prevent it well.
6 Tips And Ways Of The First Aid How To Stop A Nosebleed Fast
1. Stop Nosebleed Immediately
You may be scared when having a nosebleed and the first thought should be how to stop a nosebleed immediately. By anyways, you have to keep calm down and do as the follow directions:
Firstly, you have to position your body. Just sit down and tilt your head forward which makes the blood drain in the nostrils and keep yourself more comfortable as well. You can also use a towel to hold under your nose in order to collect the blood. Avoid lying because this may cause the blood to pass down to the throat.
Secondly, compress the nose. Pinch the lower end of your nose with a finger and thumb to block the nostrils completely. By doing this, the region in which the blood vessels are temporarily damaged will be pressed to boost the move more effectively and stop the blood flow. You need to keep pinching your nose for 10 minutes and if it goes on bleeding, continuously apply the pressure on it for another 10 minutes. Try to breathe through the mouth through this process.
Thirdly, cool yourself down. It is surprising that lowering the body temperature helps reduce the blood flow from the nose. You can easily place some ice cubes in the mouth which helps reach a lower temperature more quickly instead of waiting for cooling the external nose. Using such ice cube method is more effective than applying cold compress to the nose while the fact that using a a cold compresses is proved to be not very effective in some recent clinical study. Alternatively, you can suck on a popsicle to get the same result as well.
Next, use oxymetazoline nasal sprays. In a case that you have a nosebleed which does not regularly occur, you can drop proper nose sprays into the high blood pressure issues. By this way, the blood vessels in the nose will be constricted. More clearly, you just add 2 drops of the medicated sprays to a small gauze or clean cotton ball then insert it into the nostrils and continue pinching the nostrils so that finally check for your bleeding after 10 minutes. When the bleeding stops, you should not remove the gauze or cotton ball immediately and keep it an hour, later instead of case bleeding reoccurs. However, this method is not recommended to use frequently because it can cause nasal congestion and addiction, thus, these sprays are only used when bleeding does not stop after the first 10 minutes of the treatment.
Finally, Wash your nose and take a rest. When bleeding stops, you have to clean your nose and its around area with warm water then take a rest in order to prevent further bleeding.
2. Seek Medical Advice
After applying quick method on how to stop a nosebleed, you also need to seek some medical advice that helps you prevent bleed from occurring again and recovering more quickly. There are some cases you have to seek medical advice as follows:
- The bleeding does not stop though you have taken a light blood medicine like warfarin or had a clotting disorder like he
- You have suffered from some symptoms of anemia such as shortness of breath, heart palpitation, and a pale complexion.
- Your nosebleeds occur on a regular basis.
- A child under 2 years old has a nosebleed as he or she may suffer from more serious diseases.
In some more dangerous cases, you have to drive to an emergency department or call for an ambulance indeed. There are some serious cases including:
The bleeding is so heavy that it lasts longer than 20 minutes and takes you a lot of blood.
- You swallow a lot of blood which makes you vomit
- The bleeding makes you difficulty in breathing.
- Your nosebleed comes from a serious injury like a car crash.
3. Medical Treatment
When you go to the hospital or see your GP with a nosebleed, you may be required to point out how serious your problem is as well as the possible reason of your nosebleed. You may then go on some small blood tests after your nose is checked and your blood pressure is measured. On the way on how to stop a nosebleed, you should list all the symptoms you are experiencing so that the doctor can give you the best method.
There are 2 main treatments that are often suggested by doctors or your GP on how to stop a nosebleed known as cautery and nasal packing. You will have a deep look at these 2 treatments as follows:
When the doctor is able to exactly identify where the bleeding comes from, he will go on a minor process to seal the blood vessels that are bleeding by cauterizing it. To do this process, the doctor normally uses a stick of a chemical that is called silver nitrate. More clearly, a local anesthetic is sprayed into the nose to numb it while the silver nitrate stick is strictly held against the bleeding original point for 10 seconds.
Nasal packing is another way on how to stop a noseblood that is used when cautery method is ineffective or the doctor cannot identify a specific bleeding point.
The doctor, therefore, will recommend using gauze or nasal sponges to pack your nose and apply pressure to the bleeding source so that the flow of blood is stopped. After that, you should keep the gauze or sponges sitting for 24 to 48 hours before removing it according to the advice of health professionals. You should also go to the hospital to be monitored in this time.This packing method is usually done after a local anesthetic is sprayed into the nose.
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4. Further Treatment
There will be cases in which the above treatments on how to stop a nosebleed are ineffective. It is time for you to visit a hospital specialist, for example, an ear, nose and throat doctor to get further treatment.
The further treatments will be more complicated and require more time to carry out. Hospital specialists regularly offer additional treatments on how to stop a nosebleed as follows:
Packing under anesthetic: When being unconscious from general anesthetic, your nose is thoroughly packed with gauze.
Electrocautery: Use an electric current through a wire to cauterize the blood vessels from which the bleeding is coming.
Tranexamic acid: Apply a proper medication to help the blood clot thereby reducing bleeding.
Ligation: Carry out an operation with small instruments to tie the bleeding blood vessels off in the back of the nose.
Blood transfusions: Carry out a procedure to supply your body with the lost blood to maintain a proper function.
The next step on how to stop a nosebleed is the careness after medicated treatments. After going to see a GP or a doctor in order to deal with your nosebleed, you may receive a clear prescription of an antiseptic nasal cream that is used when the bleeding stops. This cream must be applied to your inside nostrils several times daily for 2 weeks in order to prevent further bleeding. In case your nose starts bleeding again, you then certainly follow the above aid advice then seek medical advice if necessary.
When the nose stops bleeding, you need to follow some advice as follows to reduce the risks that your nose will bleed again as well as prevent any unexpected infection:
- Do not remove any crusts inside your nose that make you unpleasant as they are, in fact, a necessary part of the healing process
- Do notblow or pick your nose, drink hot drinks or alcohol, lie on the real flat, lift something heavy, and do strenuous exercise.
- Reduce any pressure on your nose by trying ti sneeze through your mouth open when you need to sneeze.
- Avoid people who are having a cough and cold.
6. Prevent Future Bleeding
Once the nose stops bleeding, almost of the patients do not pay attention to how to take care of their damaged noses indeed. However, that you are careful in choosing healthy foods and having effects on your nose is very important on the way how to stop a nosebleed actually. If you ignore all of the above advice, the risks your nose start bleeding again is actually possible. There are some points you should pay attention as follows:
Be gentle to your nose: It is quite lucky that your nosebleed does no come from any serious diseases, but it can be caused by your actions as well. Firstly, you should not pick your nose as this can cause some injuries to the inner blood vessels of your nose and detach the blood clots that have already covered injured blood vessels thereby causing further bleeding. In addition, you should keep your mouth open to sneeze which prevents the expulsion of air in your nose.
- Keep blowing your nose gently by doing for one side a
- Apply a coat of nasal gel or petroleum jelly with a cotton swab inside your nose to keep the inside lining of the nose moist twice a day.
- Avoid or clip the fingernails of your children to prevent further injury.
Use a humidifier: You should buy a humidifier to boost the humidity in the environment around. By spraying it at home or workplace. By this way, you will protect your nose against excessive dryness, particularly in the winter. Alternatively, you can use a metal container with water that is placed on the heating radiators to spread the humidity through the air.
Pay attention to your diet: A proper is more important than you think during the process on how to stop a nosebleed absolutely. You should increase the intake of fiber and flanovoids. In fact, constipation can not only lead to hard stool but it also causes the risks of nose bleeds as it strains the blood vessels. More clearly, constipation can increase the arterial pressure momentarily while dislodging blood clots that have covered injured blood vessels then cause further nose bleeds finally. It is the reason why you should increase the intake of fluid and eat foods high in fiber to prevent constipation.
To reach the best result on how to stop a nosebleed, you should eat 6 to 12 prunes daily which are even more effective than fibers. Besides, you should not consume hot and spicy foods as the heat can dilate the blood vessels then precipitate bleeding.
Besides fiber, eating more flavonoids is also recommended. In fact, flavonoids are a concentration of natural chemical compounds that exist in citrus fruits. They are able to promote fragility of blood capillaries, thus, you should stimulate the intake of flavonoids more consuming citrus fruits, banana, blueberries or other berries, dark chocolate, parsley, onions, black tea, oolong tea, green tea, red wine, Ginkgo biloba, and sea-buckthorns. However, you should not consume flavonoid supplements like flaxseed, grape seed extract, ginkgo pills, or quercetin tablets as they can result in a higher amount of medicated flavonoids and eventual toxicity.
Use saline nasal sprays: You can use saline nose sprays several times a day to maintain the nose moist. They may not give addiction because they only contain salt. You can make it on your own by mixing 3 teaspoons iodide-free salt with 1 teaspoon baking soda then add 8 ounces of lukewarm water to each teaspoon of the powdered mixture and store in a small container.
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After reading our article on 6 tips and ways of the first aid how to stop a nosebleed fast in our main How to page, hope that you can find out more ways to stop and prevent the risks of a nosebleed. Please let us know if you have any question or concern about this topic by leaving comments below and share with us if you know other ways to stop a nosebleed effectively.