All About Pathological Liar Symptoms & Tendencies

pathological liar symptoms tendencies

Most of the humans, in some moments of the life, tell a lie. It is not difficult to understand that telling lies is easier than giving the trust, and sometimes, it even causes less pain.
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In a positive point of view, we can say that the ability to tell a lie is a typical advance of human evolution. For some people, a lie isn’t totally negative. A white lie may be appreciated more highly than ugly trust because the behind reason is just an effort to protect the listeners. Normally, it is not pleasant for people to tell lies. However, there are some certain types of people who are very good at coming up with a lie to cover the truth. They lie to other people as if it is their second nature.  Those people are called “Pathological liars”. Pathological liars appear everywhere without being noticed. Therefore, Pathological liar symptoms are often used as an effective way to detect these uncontrolled liars. In this article, will help you get to know more about these Pathological people by providing information about Pathological liar symptoms as well as causes and treatment.

All About Pathological Liar Symptoms Tendencies

I. Definition Of Pathological Liar

Pathological liars, in a simple and straightforward way, are people who cannot control their lying. They often tell a lie compulsively or impulsively, without caring about the consequences they may have to face if the trust is revealed. Normally, people only lie to someone if it is necessary. This lie is also supposed to provide positive results, such as remaining the peace or protecting someone from getting harmed. It is common to see a husband makes the compliment on his wife’s overcooked meal, parents tell their kids that Santa is real or their nose will grow if they don’t tell the trust. While these lying behaviors are normal, controllable and reasonable manner, Pathological lying is totally different. People who are Pathological liar tend to make up stories on a regular basis. This behavior is out of their control and considered to result from pathology. The idea of speaking the truth makes them scared and uncomfortable. When the Pathological lying becomes a bad habit, the addiction to it will keep increasing. It is proved that environment can affect the obsessive lying in a person in various extents.  In an unfriendly condition, Pathological liars are more likely to respond in an animated manner. They often build pre-conceived thoughts about the way they will encounter a situation and show a creation ability to create an answer. When the Pathological lying appears in high frequency in daily life, it will ruin Pathological liars’ relationship. Therefore, it is important for these liars to recognize their problems before it is too late.

Based on the Pathological liar symptoms and causes, Pathological liars are divided into different types:

  • Pseudologia Fantastica

This type, widely known as the daydreaming Pathological liar, is the most severe form of Pathological lying. The afflicted individual with this type makes a perfect mix between fiction and facts. This mix is so flawless that even the liars cannot figure out what is real and what is not. They observe their own life as a drama with a lot of tragedies. They are similar to daydreamers who get out the reality and get sunk in the world of imaginary. Based on the illusion behind their mind, the Pathological lies and made- up stories are often quite plausible and reasonable. However, no matter how perfect they are, the fiction products will be found out to be untrue. At this time, the Pathological liars will experience the stressful and uncomfortable feeling, but they will not stop lying. Instead, for people with Pseudologia Fantastica, when they are going to be caught and pushed into the corners, will keep coming up with other lies and stories to get out of the troubles and make things convincing again.

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  • Habitual Liar

Just look at its name, everyone can understand that this form of Pathological lying is a result coming from daily habit. When you tell a lie repeatedly in a long time, this behavior will become familiar to your mind and you will do it again and again automatically and effortless. At the first time, you may feel guilty and awkward to make up stories, but after several times, when lying becomes your habit, you will lie to the others as a reflex and no longer feel remorseful or worry about the consequences anymore. To some extents of habitual lying, because this behavior is recorded in their mind as a normal behavior, people even do not recognize that they have just made up until they have finished their stories.  There are some hidden reasons behind the motivation of Pathological liars. They may be the Mislead a rival, an attempt to avoid confrontation or just the effort to entertain and please others. Sometimes, when they are in an embarrassing situation or simply lack of knowledge, Pathological liars under the effect of habitual lying will react to avoid disappointment or gain unearned praise.

Learn more: How to Read Body Language of Men

  • Impulsive Pathological Liar

Many people who are Pathological liar are under the effect of impulse control disorders. Is this name familiar to you? Shoppingholics are typical examples of one type of impulse disorders, compulsive shopping. Other common impulse disorders that can be listed out are kleptomania and Pathological gambling. Inside the impulsive Pathological liars exists a driven need. This need forces them to keep lying without wondering about the negative future that this act might cause. When the need is not fulfilled, Pathological liars will not put an end to their fiction stories. Learn more: How to Detect Lies

  • Pathological Liar Connected With Substance Abuse

The last form of Pathological lying is associated with substances abuse. Self-deception is often linked with the addictive process. When people get obsessed about something, which they cannot get out of their mind, they will do everything possible to achieve it. Lying can be a tool for obsessive liars. When they want something so bad, they will come to lies as the last resort. Many employees lie to their boss to get improvement. A lot of people make up stories to earn insurance money. Under the effect of substance obsession, the trust will become less important than the things people can get with a lie’s power.

See more: Explore Useful Lie Detection Techniques

II. Pathological Liar Symptoms

There are several types of Pathological liars with different characteristics and definitions. It seems to be quite hard to identify who is a Pathological liar and which form that person is. However, all the types of Pathological liars share a number of Pathological liar symptoms. Pathological liar symptoms are observed and recorded over time. Moreover, the stories based in form of lies actually can tell us more than what we can see with our own eyes.  While there are some Pathological liar symptoms that people can easily figure out, some others will surprise people for the first time they hear about it. Let look at this following Pathological liar symptoms to find out a Pathological liar.

Read more: Ways to Catch A Liar

1. Exaggerating

pathological liar symptoms - exaggerating

First of all, Pathological liars are good talkers. They all have one skill that used in many situations. It is lying. They can tell a lie everywhere and every time. If a player is supposed to produce sounds every time it is open, a Pathological liar is supposed to make up things whenever they are in conservation. However, sometimes their story seems absolutely pointless. If someone makes your jaw falling open whenever you have the conservation with them, be careful. They may be one of the Pathological liars we are talking about. This symptom is considered the easiest way of many Pathological liar symptoms to catch a Pathological liar.

Learn more: How to Be Honest

2. Creating Comfort Zone

The second symptom is about the environment. Pathological liars always love to make a comfort zone for themselves. Only when they feel relax can they create a perfect series of lies. Their imaginary will be pushed up and the stories are born with manic conviction. Especially, these Pathological liars prefer to create a zone that can support them to score points with the opposite sex. They will feel proud of themselves when they get sympathy or understanding from their lovers by the lies. It like an achievement to receive accomplishment with their made-up stories.

3. Drawing Attention

One special symptom out of many Pathological liar symptoms is that the Pathological liars are longing for attention. Similar to a baby who cries to draw attention from her mom, a Pathological liar uses their word to become central. Everyone loves to hear an outstanding interesting story or extremely tragedies. Therefore, a Pathological liar makes fake sentiments and lies to get grandiose acts. Even that they are fully aware of their lying and the possible consequences, they still accept this act just to receive a great deal of attention. Those people love to be around with a crowd of people listening to their word, making them lies even more than normal. Generally, they will paint themselves as a victim of life. If you know someone who suffers from various illnesses or gets bad luck frequently, that person may be a Pathological liar.
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Sometimes, the liar can make mistake when they exaggerate things so much that makes the stories unbelievable, especially when the series of horrible events keep going on.

Learn more: How to Increase Focus Attention

4. Making The Situation Better

Sometimes, Pathological liars use their fake words to feel better. Life includes both good and bad times. For Pathological liars, it is hard to admit the difficult or unpleasant moments of life. Therefore, they have the tendency to recreate the events in a better way. This type of self-aggrandizement is quite more common among people with compulsive lying issues in comparison to other Pathological liar symptoms. Instead of making effort to change the reality, these types of people only use their words to cover the truth. If someone you know often tells a story but in a better way in high frequency, he or she can be a Pathological liar.

See more: How to Regain Trust

5. Low Self-Esteem

pathological liar symptoms - low self-esteem

One of the Pathological liar symptoms is about the low self-esteem. It is a problem related to the personality of a person or the way that one look at himself/ herself. Besides low self-esteem, people who suffer from other problems, such as personality disorders, bipolar disorders, depression, or a primary mental disorder are also likely to be Pathological liars. These conditions force them to tell lies on a regular basis and create a more acceptable world than the reality. They will feel more confident in how they look, what they have or their accomplishment through their fake conviction and words.

Read more: Signs of Bipolar Disorder

6. Ego Fulfilling

For some Pathological liars, they have a strange ego. That ego is only fulfilled when the liars make people fall for their words. Once they get people believe in what they say, they will get high and proud of themselves. On the contrary, these liars will feel hurt if their stories are revealed and proved to be untrue. They create a world of fantasy with their fake conviction and love to see people dancing around in that imaginary world.
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7. Getting Defensive When Being Caught

Not only Pathological liars but also normal people tell a lie. However, one of the Pathological liar symptoms that differentiate Pathological liars from the others is their reaction when they get caught. Pathological liars love to be in their comfort zone and play with people by their words. When the questions push them out of the world and their perfect stories start to fall apart, they will get defensive. It will be hard for them to come up with other lies to cover the hole and to save their flawed world of lies.

Read more: How to Find A Cheater

8. Sense of Perception

One interesting fact that has been discovered when people study the Pathological liar symptoms is that these liars have a good sense of perception. It is obviously that their lying habit cannot remain if they get caught frequently. It is not easy to catch the tail of a liar. Once they have a feeling that their words are not accepted anymore, they will quickly come up with a new lie to cover up these old ones. You can say from this symptom that not everyone can become a Pathological liar even when they want to be.

Learn more: Lie Detection With Bust Liars

9. Specific Addictions

Studies about the Pathological liar symptoms show that Pathological liars often have one or several addictions that force them to lie. People with alcohol addiction, drug addicts or gamblers are examples of these addictions. People with addictions often tell lies as a way to exit from the difficult and harsh reality. They also have to create a fake story to prevent their friends and family from finding out their bad addictions.

III. Identifying Pathological Liar

Even when we know about the Pathological liar symptoms, it is not easy for us to identify who is a compulsive liar. There are two important indicators that are useful to find out a true Pathologic liar. The former is his or her history and the latter is this person’s psychological stability.

See more: How to Read Female Body Language

1. Knowledge Of The Personal History

pathological liar symptoms - knowledge of the personal history

Information about one individual’s personal life will reveal a lot about the pattern in the lying. Some people only make up stories about the present while many Pathological liars create a whole new life. If you don’t know anything about that person, you will not know whether he or she exaggerates or not. For instance, when you have the conservation with one of your friends, who you have known for years, you can figure out that she is lying because you have information about the life. Then, based on other Pathological liar symptoms, you can tell whether she is an impulsive liar or not.

Read more: How to Build Trust

2. Understanding Of Psychological Stability

Psychological stability is also a pointer to help you determine a compulsive liar besides the Pathological liar symptoms. As mentioned before, some types of disorders can be the symptoms of these liars. However, how can you know a person getting these disorders or not? At that time, you have to understand of his or her psychological stability. These health problems or mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder, depression or borderline personality disorder will make the victim unable to figure out what is real and what is fake. Their mind will become a mixture of fiction and reality. Therefore, information and understanding about people’s psychological stability will be very effective in detecting a Pathological liar.

3. Suggest Professional Help

Less common and available like the two first methods, looking for professional help is still an option that you should think about when identifying Pathological liars. People who suffer Pathological lying always need a hand to get out of the problem. If someone you love is likely to be a victim of compulsive lying and you cannot use the Pathological liar symptoms to make the decision, let suggest professional help from a qualified therapist. In the case that person is not willing to receive the help; you should build your own boundaries to protect yourself from getting hurt.

Read more: How to Fake A Smile

IV. Treatment For Pathological Liars

Pathological liar symptoms receive a lot of attention of people not only for identifying purpose but also for a deeper drive: treatment. Among many bad lies exists a number of white lies. Not all the compulsive liars are bad people.  Some of them are not able to control themselves from making the fake world. Therefore, it is essential for them to be noticed and receive treatment. The first move of the process is that the Pathological liars admit their condition. Because many liars live in the fantasy world, they are not aware of their lying. Therefore, they have to accept their problems first before treatment. No matter how modern the technology is or how experienced the doctors are, Pathological lying can only be treated if that person has the willingness and desire coming from inside. The supports from friends and family are also important for Pathological liars during their treatment. To reach the best effectiveness, a Pathological liar should look for psychotherapy. A professional in psychotherapy who have great experience in Pathological liar symptoms can help the patient find out the original root of their lying. If the problems are related to mental illness or disorders, the professional can perform psychotropic therapy together with psychotherapy.

Lying is not the choice of all Pathological liars. Some of them are not aware of their situation without the help from others. By looking at the Pathological liar symptoms, we can see that there are many reasons that drive them to the lying behavior without the control. Sometimes, the fake and fantasy world they live in is too perfect for anyone to recognize that it is not true. Therefore, Pathological liar symptoms are useful to determine whether a person is a Pathological or not. However, if we just stop at identifying the liars and then stand away from them or isolate them, the world cannot be better. We may lose our beloved one if we let them alone in that fantasy dream. Let awaken them up, give them a hand and lead them back to the reality, a real world that is not built with fake but beautiful lies. If you have any more idea about Pathological liar symptoms, please share with us. For more information, please visit the main page Lifestyle

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